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[nongminribao]yinjinlairuhetuidekai?

——四川省广元市黄茶产业攻关记

【字体:

  jinri,younbagunqiuchayeyanjiusuo(yixiajianchengzhongchasuo)、sichuanshengguangyuanshirenminzhengfulianhezhubande“chayelvsefazhanjishujichengmoshiyanjiuyushifan”xiangmuxianchangguanmojijishujiaoliuhuizaiguangyuanshiwangcangxianjuxing。jizheconghuishanglejiedao,guangyuanhuangchachanyeguanjianjishuqudetupo,xinjianjididecunhuolvcong50%tigaodao80%,muchanzhiyetigaole80%,da5.7wan/mu。

  jinnianlai,meifengchunchashangshi,guangyuanhuangchadanjiaguowandexinwenzonghuichengweidangdipengyouquandetanzi。raner,guangyuanhuangchazaidangdidefazhanmianjiqueyuanluohouyuguanfangyuqi。zi2010nianxianhouyinjin“huangcha1hao”“huangcha2hao”shizhongchenggong,2014nianguangyuantichujiakuaikuozhanhuangchashengchanjidi,tichudao2020nianquanshijianchenghuangchajidi5wanmu,shixianmingyouhuangchachanliang2000dun。6nianguoqu,guangyuanhuangchamianjizhiyouyue2wanmu,touchanmianjijin2000muzuoyou。

  guangyuanhuangcharucishoushichangzhuipeng,weihequenantuikai?zheibeihoujishixinpinzhongdamianjituiguangzaoyudeyixiliejishunanti,yeyinchuyiduanguangyuanhuangchachanyedejishugongguangushi。

  引种以求突破 推广遭遇难题

  guangyuanzhongchalishiyoujiu,danzai20shiji90niandaichu,quanguochachanyejinrudigupapoqi,guangyuanchachanyefazhankunjuyouqituchu,chayuanlaohua、jishudiedaidengwentijidaijiejue。1997nian,shouyiyuzhejiangshengjishubangfuxiangmu,guangyuanchachanyejishunanticaideyishujie。2010nianzuoyou,suizheguoneichachanyeguimobuduankuoda,shichangjingzhengriqujilie,ruhezailvchachanyehonghaidaolaizhijishixianchayedetupofazhan,guangyuanmianlinzhexinyiluntiaozhan。

  jiyuci,zaizhongchasuozhuanjiachayihuafazhanjianyixia,2010nianguangyuanxianhouyinruzhongchasuoxuanyudechashuxinpinzhong“zhonghuang1hao”“huangcha2hao”,zaiwangcangxianmumenzhensanhecunshizhong。gaichayahuang、yehuang,secaiyaomu,chayesijijunxiankuihuangse,mengyaqizao,shengzhangxingqiang,chanlianggao,anjisuan、huluobusujiyehuangsuhanliangmingxiangaoyuqitalvcha,yincihenbeiyejiekanhao。

  2013nian,wangcangxianmumenzhenshizhongde“zhonghuang1hao”xianyezhichengdeganchatesemingxian,beizhengshidingmingwei“guangyuanhuangcha”。suihou,wangcangxianyimumenzhenweizhongxin,zaiquanxiantuiguangzhongzhihuangcha。2014nian,“guangyuanhuangcha”beirendingweiguojiadilibiaozhishangbiao。

nba滚球  anzhao“tupoxingfazhanhuangcha、gonggutishenglvcha、youxianfazhanyoujicha、quanmiankaifaliyongxiaqiucha”defazhansilu,wangcangjiasubujuhuangchachanye,2018nian,wangcangtongguozhaoshangyinzifangshi,yinjinzhejiangtiantaijiuzhechayeyouxiangongsitouzi4000wanyuanzaimumenjianhuangchaliangzhongfanyujidi,conggenbenshangjiejuequanxianzhongmiaodegongyingwenti。

  dansuizhe“zhonghuang1hao”zaizhimianjikuoda,anchangguijishuzaipeide“zhonghuang1hao”zaibufenquyuchuxianlechenghuolvdi、zhangshicha、jianxiaoman、chengpinchapinzhicanchabuqidengwenti,zheizhijiedaozhilehuangchakuozhanmianjiyuandiyuguanfangyuqi。

  良种需配良法 技术难点攻关

nba滚球  wentichuzainaer?2018nian,zhongchasuozhuanjiajinxingshididiaoyanhuizhen,faxiangenbenyuanyinzaiyuweinengjianliyuquyuziranhuanjingxiangshiyingdeliangzhongliangfapeitaojishu。

nba滚球  zhenduidangdi“guangyuanhuangcha”chanyejishunandian,zhuanjiatuanduihewangcangxianchayechanyefazhanfuwuzhongxin、mumenzhenlongshancunchayezhuanyehezuoshedui“zhonghuang1hao”“zhonghuang2hao”lianggepinzhongdezhongmiaofanyuchupulv、gaobiaozhunxinchayuanjianshe、gaochanchayuanshuguanpeiyuyuyingyangdiaokong、bingchonghailvsefangkongjishu、chayejiagongjishudengjinxinglegongguan,bingxingchengle《guangyuanhuangchazaipeijishuguicheng》《guangyuanhuangchajiagongjishuguicheng》《guangyuanhuangchachanpinzhiliangbiaozhun》he《guangyuanhuangchajishuguifan》dengguicheng、biaozhun。

  jingguo3niannuli,xinjianhuangchajididechenghuolvcong50%tigaodao80%,touchanqiyouyuanlaidezhishaoxuyao4nianyishang,tizaodaodi3niankaishi,chayuanpingjunmuchanzhida5.7wanyuan,bixiangmushishiqianzengzhang80%,shixianquanxianhuangchazhongzhihurenjunzengshou5100yuan,1356hupinkunhuyikaohuangchatuopinbenxiaokang。

  zhongchasuoyanjiuyuancengjianminggaosujizhe,chuleyaopojiejishunanti,gengnandeshipojiedangdilaobaixingjieshouxinjishudeguanniannanti。

  weici,tamenzai2018nianhedangdilaobaixingdaleyichang“leitaisai”。3mudi,yitiaogouhuakai,fenweiliangban,laobaixinganzijidefangfazhongyiban,zhongchasuojiehexinjishuzhongzhilingyiban。jingguoyiniande“jiaoliang”,laobaixingzhudongfangqichuantongzhongzhijishu,jiaruzhongchasuodexiangmuzhizhong。

  muqian,wangcangxianlizumicangshanchazaijingzhichuancha“sanshanyizao”gejuzhongdezhanlvedingwei,yidajian“yikuwuzhongxin”(zhongzhiziyuanku、xinpinzhongxuanyufanyu、liangzhongshifantuiguang、jishuyanfahechengguozhuanhua、wulianwangzhihuihezhongyexinxijiaoyizhongxin),wei“tupoxingfazhanhuangcha”tigongzhicheng。

  genjujihua,wangcangxianjianganzhaowanmuyiyuanxiandainbapankouyuanqu、qianmuqianwanyuancunjishifanyuanhemeimuwanyuanhubanteseweitingyuande“sanyuanliandong”moshifazhan,meiniangaobiaozhungonggutishenglvcha5wanmu、fazhanhuangcha0.5wanmuyishang。yujidao2025nian,shixianhuangchazhongzhizongmianjida5wanmu,quanxianzongchayuanmianjida25wanmu。

(单位: nba滚球茶叶研究所 )
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