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donghongmin: tuidonghuanjingzhili cujinxiangcunzhenxing

——第二次全国污染源普查畜禽养殖业源排放情况解读

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nba滚球  quanguowuranyuanpuchashizhongdadeguoqingdiaocha,shihuanjingbaohudejichuxinggongzuo。genju《quanguowuranyuanpuchatiaoli》guiding,guowuyuanjuedingyu2017niankaizhanquanguofanweineidewuranyuanpucha,puchafanweibaokuogongyewuranyuan、nbapankouwuranyuan、shenghuowuranyuan、jizhongshiwuranzhilisheshi、yidongyuanjiqitachansheng、paifangwuranwudesheshi。chuqinyangzhiyeshinbapankouyuandezhuyaowuranwulaiyuanzhiyi,tongguocicichuqinyangzhiyewuranyuanpucha,keyizhangwogezhongchuqinyangzhifeiqiwuchansheng、wuranwupaifang、ziyuanhualiyongdedishu,youliyuyanpanwoguochuqinyangzhihuanjingxingshi,zhidingshishiyouzhenduixingdefeiqiwuliyongzhengcehexingdongfangan。tongshi,duiyugaishan6yinongmindeshengchanshenghuohuanjing、cujinxiangcunhuanjingzhilihexiangcunzhenxing、buqiquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehuideshengtaihuanjingduanban,yejuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

  一、普查范围全面,体现治理成效

  genju《chuqinyangzhiyepuchashishifangan》,narudierciquanguowuranyuanpucha(yixiajiancheng“erwupu”)dechuqinzhonglei,baokuoshengzhu、nainiu、rouniu、danjiheroujidengwudazhuyaochuzhong,shejiquanguo2981gechuqinyangzhixian。cicipuchadui37.88wangechuqinguimoyangzhichangjinxingleruhupucha,chouyangdiaocha6.4wangeguimoyixiayangzhichang(hu),tongshi,zaiquanguofanweineixuanze214gechanpaiwuxishudingweijiancedian,kaizhanchanpaiwuxishujiance。zaicijichushang,hesuanlewoguochuqinyangzhiyezhuyaoshuiwuranwupaifangliang,weishunliwancheng“erwupu”tigonglekekaodebaozhang。

  hengliangchuqinyangzhiyewuranyuanpaifangzhuangkuang,zuizhuyaodezhibiaoshidanweidongwupaifangqiangdu。genju《chuqinyangzhiyewuranwupaifangbiaozhun》(gb18596-2001)jichudegezhongdongwuhuansuanxishu,cicipuchajiangnainiu、rouniu、danjiheroujizhesuanchengshengzhuyangzhidangliang,jianggezhongwuranwupaifangliangchuyizongdeshengzhuyangzhidangliang,cesuanchudanweidongwudewuranwupaifangqiangdu。

  jieguobiaoming,《dierciquanguowuranyuanpuchagongbao》suofugaideyangzhiliangyuewei8.14yitouzhudangliang,er2007niandiyiciquanguowuranyuanpucha(yixiajiancheng“yiwupu”)suofugaideyangzhiliangyuewei4.41yitouzhudangliang;“erwupu”yu“yiwupu”xiangbi,yangzhiliangzengjialeyue3.72yitouzhudangliang。huaxuexuyangliang(cod)、zongdan(tn)、andan(nh3-n)hezonglin(tp)paifangqiangdufenbiewei11.56、0.69、0.13he0.14qianke/tou,qizhong,cod、tnhetppaifangqiangdu,jiao“yiwupu”jieguofenbiejiangdile55.5%、67.2%he57.9%(“yiwupu”weidiaochachuqinyangzhiyedenh3-npaifangliang)。

nba滚球  fenxiyishangshujukeyifaxian,woguochuqinyangzhiyewuranwupaifangshixianpaifangzonglianghedanweidongwudepaifangqiangdushuangxiajiang,youqishidanweidongwuwuranwupaifangqiangdudafuduxiajiang。zheishuoming,woguochuqinyangzhifangshizhuanbian、feiqiwuziyuanhualiyonghewuranfangzhiqudelexianzhuchengxiao。

  二、工艺升级换代,污水减量明显

nba滚球  woguozi2007niankaishi,zhichiguimoyangzhichanggaishuichongqingfenweiganqingfen,gaiwuxianyongshuiweikongzhiyongshui,gaiminggoupaiwuweianguanpaiwu,jidajianshaolechuqinyangzhichangdewushuichanshengliang。

nba滚球  yiyigenianchulanwantoudeshengzhuyangzhichangweili,ruguocaiyongshuichongqingfen,meitianchanshengdewushuiliangyuewei120~150lifangmi;caiyongganqingfen,meitianchanshengdewushuiliangzezhiyou40~60lifangmi,wushuijianshaofududadao60%yishang。

  yijuliangcipuchasuohuodedequanguozhuyaochuqinqingfenfangshishuju,2017nianguimozhuchangcaiyongganqingfengongyidebiliyijingdadao81%,shuichongqingfenbilixiajiangzhi9%;er“yiwupu”jieguoxianshi,shengzhuguimohuayangzhichangganqingfendebilizhiyou55%,shuichongqingfendebiligaoda43%。yu“yiwupu”xiangbi,2017nianchuqinguimoyangzhichangcaiyongganqingfendebilizengjiale26%、shuichongqingfenbilijiangdile34%。zhei“yizengyijian”xianzhujianshaolequanguochuqinguimoyangzhichangdewushuichanshengliang,jidatigaolegutifenbianshoujilv,cujinlefenfeiziyuanhualiyong,jiangdilewuranwupaifangliang。

  三、推进“以用促治”,污染排放减量

  shinianjian,chuqinguimobizhongkuaisutigao。genjunbapankounongcunbutongji,shengzhunianchulan500touyishangdeguimobizhong,cong2007niande21.8%tigaodao2017niande46.9%;nainiucunlan100touyishangdeguimobizhong,cong2007niande16.4%tigaodao2017nian58.3%。suizhe《chuqinguimoyangzhiwuranfangzhitiaoli》《guowuyuanbangongtingguanyujiakuaituijinchuqinyangzhifeiqiwuziyuanhualiyongdeyijian》deshishi,ziyuanhualiyongzhengcezhichilidujiada,youxiaotuijinle“yiyongcuzhi”,shixianlefeiqiwuziyuanhualiyonghewuranjianpaideshuangying。

  shinianjian,guojiaxianhoushishilequanguozhuyaowuranwuzongliangjianpaihuanjingguanlizhengce(nbapankouyuanjianpai)、chuqinbiaozhunhuayangzhi、quyushengtaixunhuannbapankoujianshe、nbapankoumianyuanwuranzhili、dazhongxingzhaoqigongchengjianshexiangmudeng。2017nianqi,jiadalechumudaxianchuqinfenwuziyuanhualiyongjichusheshijianshezhichilidu,3nianleijianpaizhongyangzijin176.5yiyuan,shixianle585gechumudaxianquanfugai,tigaolechuqinfenwuchulisheshizhuangbeipeitaolvhezongheliyonglv。

nba滚球  duibi“yiwupu”chuqinguimoyangzhichangpuchajieguofaxian,2017nian,guimohuayangzhichangjibenshangpeitaolefenwuchulisheshishebei,wushuicaiquziyuanhualiyonghedabiaopaifangfangshideyangzhichangbilichaoguo90%,tebieshiguojiagulidefenshuihaitianfeiliaohualiyongheyanyangfajiaoshengchanzhaoqiliangzhongzhuyaoziyuanhualiyongmoshi,hejizhanbijiao2007nianzengjiale50%yishang。er“yiwupu”shi,shengzhuhenainiuguimoyangzhichangwushuiweichulizhijiepaifangdeyangzhichangbilichaoguo50%,2017nianwushuiliyongdeguimohuayangzhichangshuliangzhanbijiao2007niantigaole40%,chuqinfenwuzongheliyonglvyouyuanlaide50%tigaodaole70%。

nba滚球  yuantoujianliangheziyuanhualiyongyouxiaojianshaolechuqinyangzhiyewuranwupaifanglianghepaifangqiangdu。danyufadaguojiaxiangbi,youyuwoguochuqinyangzhiwuranfangzhigongzuoqibujiaowan,guimoyangzhichangtebieshizhongxiaoguimoyangzhichangfenwuchulisheshiyunxingbuwending、haitianliyongbuguifandengwentiyirancunzai。tongshi,“erwupu”zhuyaoyishuitiwuranwuweizhu,duikangshengsuhezhongjinshudengqianzaidewuranwumeiyoujiance,chuqinfenwuzhilirenwurenzhongdaoyuan。

nba滚球  weici,jianyichixutuijinchuqinyangzhiwuranfangzhiheziyuanhualiyonggongzuo,zaiwuranyuanpuchadejichushang,duixianyoudechanpaiwuxishuzhongdianjiancediankaizhandan、lindengmianyuanwuranheanqi、chouqidengchixuguance。kaizhanfenwuhaitianliyongquanliantiaojiance,jiaqiangfeiqiwuchuliliyongshebeiyanfahetuiguang,jinyibutishengguimoyangzhichangdefenwusheshizhuangbeishuiping。lizhengdao“shisiwu”mo,chuqinfenwuzongheliyonglvdadao90%yishang。

  (zuozhexinbagunqiunbapankouhuanjingyukechixufazhanyanjiusuofusuozhang)

  

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